The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The twist-lock concept of tissue transport and suture fixation without knots: observations along the Hong Kong skyline.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the load to failure and the mode of failure of a novel suture anchor construct that does not require knots (the "twist-lock" construct) and to compare it with a standard suture anchor construct (Corkscrew; Arthrex, Naples, FL). TYPE OF STUDY: Biomechanical single-pull load-to-failure study comparing the twist-lock construct to the Corkscrew suture anchor construct. METHODS: The twist-lock construct is a suture anchor system that does not use knots, instead using 3 consecutive twists between suture limbs to enhance internal interference between the suture limbs. This system maximizes internal interference by 2 mechanically verifiable friction-multiplier mechanisms: the cable friction effect and the wedge effect. After theoretically verifying the strength characteristics of the twist-lock system, the authors tested and compared its strength in vitro to that of a standard screw-type suture anchor system (Corkscrew). Unicellular polyurethane, which has been shown to accurately mimic the properties of cancellous bone, was used for implantation of suture anchors for the purpose of comparing the load to failure of 10 identical constructs in each of the 2 anchor systems. Axial single-pull loading to failure was performed with an Instron 5565 testing machine (Instron, Canton, MA). RESULTS: The average load to failure for the twist-lock group was 137.2 N, and the average for the Corkscrew group was 123.0 N, a difference of 14.2 N. This study shows that the twist-lock anchors failed at a load that was 12% higher than that of the Corkscrew group (P =.02). CONCLUSION: The twist-lock system is a suture anchor system that achieves suture fixation of soft tissue to bone without the need to tie knots. It shows single-pull loads to failure that are significantly higher than those of a standard suture anchor system.[1]


  1. The twist-lock concept of tissue transport and suture fixation without knots: observations along the Hong Kong skyline. Burkhart, S.S., Athanasiou, K.A. Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities