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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

New ubiquitous translocators: amino acid export by Corynebacterium glutamicum and Escherichia coli.

Molecular access to amino acid excretion by Corynebacterium glutamicum and Escherichia coli led to the identification of structurally novel carriers and novel carrier functions. The exporters LysE, RhtB, ThrE and BrnFE each represent the protoype of new transporter families, which are in part distributed throughout all of the kingdoms of life. LysE of C. glutamicum catalytes the export of basic amino acids. The expression of the carrier gene is regulated by the cell-internal concentration of basic amino acids. This serves, for example, to maintain homoeostasis if an excess of l-lysine or l-arginine inside the cell should arise during growth on complex media. RhtB is one of five paralogous systems in E. coli, of which at least two are relevant for l-threonine production. A third system is relevant for l-cysteine production. It is speculated that the physiological function of these paralogues is related to quorum sensing. ThrE of C. glutamicum exports l-threonine and l-serine. However, a ThrE domain with a putative hydrolytic function points to an as yet unknown role of this exporter. BrnFE in C. glutamicum is a two-component permease exporting branched-chained amino acids from the cell, and an orthologue in B. subtilis exports 4-azaleucine.[1]


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