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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Estimation of the loudness of tinnitus from matching tests.

To correct for the influence of recruitment when the loudness of tinnitus is measured by a balance test in an ear with sensorineural hearing loss, an averaged loudness function was devised, which converts the sensation level (SL) of tinnitus into an estimate of the effective loudness level. This is essentially the same as a phon scale except for the difference in reference level, and is defined as the equivalent SL of the tinnitus as if measured in an ear with a bone-conduction threshold of 0 dB HL at a frequency between 500 Hz and 4000 Hz. Using this function, the median estimated loudness of tinnitus from 301 randomly selected patients was 15 dB 'effective loudness level' with a maximum of more than 60 dB. A nomogram was made for clinical use to determine the effective loudness level easily from the SL of tinnitus and the bone-conduction HTL of the test ear. Although somewhat approximate, the effective loudness level is considered to be an unbiased loudness estimate of tinnitus under the condition that only the SL of tinnitus and the bone-conduction HTL are available, and makes it easier to appreciate the actual loudness compared with a complex loudness unit such as on the sone scale.[1]


  1. Estimation of the loudness of tinnitus from matching tests. Matsuhira, T., Yamashita, K., Yasuda, M. British journal of audiology. (1992) [Pubmed]
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