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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TR3 orphan nuclear receptor mediates apoptosis through up-regulating E2F1 in human prostate cancer LNCaP cells.

Early studies suggested both TR3 orphan receptor (TR3) and apoptosis mediator E2F1 might play an important role in mediating prostate cancer cell apoptosis. Their linkage and relationship, however, remain unclear. Here we found that 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) could induce cell apoptosis via induction of TR3 and E2F1 expression in LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Addition of antisense E2F1 could partially rescue the TR3-mediated cell apoptosis, and transfection of the TR3 dominant-negative plasmid could block the TR3- induced E2F1 expression. These data suggest that TPA is able to induce LNCaP cell apoptosis via induction of TR3 resulting in the induction of E2F1. Promoter reporter assays show that TR3 can induce E2F1 expression via binding to the TR3 response element (TR3RE) in the E2F1 promoter -316 to -324 bp region. TR3 can bind specifically to this TR3RE with a Kd of 6.29 nm, and mutations of this E2F1-TR3RE can partially block the TR3- mediated E2F1 expression. Taken together, these data suggest that TPA is able to induce cell apoptosis via a TPA --> TR3 --> E2F1 --> apoptosis pathway in LNCaP cells. Further studies of how to modulate this pathway may allow us to better understand how to control the prostate cancer growth.[1]


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