The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphorylation of the immunomodulatory drug FTY720 by sphingosine kinases.

The immunomodulatory drug FTY720 is phosphorylated in vivo, and the resulting FTY720 phosphate as a ligand for sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors is responsible for the unique biological effects of the compound. So far, phosphorylation of FTY720 by murine sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 1a had been documented. We found that, while FTY720 is also phosphorylated by human SPHK1, the human type 2 isoform phosphorylates the drug 30-fold more efficiently, because of a lower Km of FTY720 for SPHK2. Similarly, murine SPHK2 was more efficient than SPHK1a. Among splice variants of the human SPHKs, an N-terminally extended SPHK2 isoform was even more active than SPHK2 itself. Further SPHK superfamily members, namely ceramide kinase and a "SPHK-like" protein, failed to phosphorylate sphingosine and FTY720. Thus, only SPHK1 and 2 appear to be capable of phosphorylating FTY720. Using selective assay conditions, SPHK1 and 2 activities in murine tissues were measured. While activity of SPHK2 toward sphingosine was generally lower than of SPHK1, FTY720 phosphorylation was higher under conditions favoring SPHK2. In human endothelial cells, while activity of SPHK1 toward sphingosine was 2-fold higher than of SPHK2, FTY720 phosphorylation was 7-fold faster under SPHK2 assay conditions. Finally, FTY720 was poorly phosphorylated in human blood as compared with rodent blood, in line with the low activity of SPHK1 and in particular of SPHK2 in human blood. To conclude, both SPHK1 and 2 are capable of phosphorylating FTY720, but SPHK2 is quantitatively more important than SPHK1.[1]


  1. Phosphorylation of the immunomodulatory drug FTY720 by sphingosine kinases. Billich, A., Bornancin, F., Dévay, P., Mechtcheriakova, D., Urtz, N., Baumruker, T. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities