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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Brain somatostatin receptor-G protein interaction. G alpha C-terminal antibodies demonstrate coupling of the soluble receptor with Gi(1-3) but not with Go.

Somatostatin ( SST) receptors activate potassium channels, stimulate protein phosphatases, inhibit adenylate cyclase and close calcium channels. These multiple effects are controlled by guanine nucleotide binding (G) proteins of the pertussis toxin-sensitive Gi and Go types. In the present study we have identified the G proteins coupling with brain SST receptors. To this end, brain SST receptors were solubilized in G-protein coupled form. Binding of the SST analogue MK 678 to the solubilized receptor was completely inhibited by guanosine 5'-O-thiotriphosphate (IC50 = 100 nM), reflecting decreased receptor affinity for agonist following uncoupling of the receptor and G protein(s). Antibodies raised against specific COOH-terminal peptides of the G proteins Gi(1-3), Go, and Gz were used to probe for SST receptor-G protein coupling in this system. Antibodies binding to the COOH-terminal regions of Gi1 and Gi2 (antibody AS) and Gi3 (antibody EC) inhibited binding of 125I-MK 678 (75 pM) by 57 +/- 4% and 48 +/- 5%, respectively. The effects of these antibodies were concentration-dependent and additive, such that in combination AS and EC completely inhibited binding. Antibodies binding to the COOH-terminal region of Go (GO) and Gz (QN) did not affect binding of 125I-MK 678, indicating that neither Go nor Gz are associated with the brain SST receptor. Prelabeling of the receptor with 125I-MK 678 prior to addition of antibody induced the formation of a "locked conformation" of the agonist-bound receptor-G protein complex which was insensitive to antibody. In conclusion, Gi1 and/or Gi2 and Gi3 are coupled in approximately equal proportions to the brain 125I-MK 678-binding SST receptor, accounting for all of the G protein coupling of this receptor.[1]


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