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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA-PK phosphorylation sites in XRCC4 are not required for survival after radiation or for V(D)J recombination.

Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is a major pathway for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in higher eukaryotes. Several proteins, including the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), XRCC4 and DNA ligase IV, are required for nonhomologous end joining both in vitro and in vivo. Since XRCC4 is recruited to the DNA double-strand break with DNA-PK, and because the protein kinase activity of DNA-PK is required for its in vivo function, we reasoned that XRCC4 could be a potential physiological substrate of DNA-PK. Here, we have used mass spectrometry to map the DNA-PK phosphorylation sites in XRCC4. Two major phosphorylation sites (serines 260 and 318), as well as several minor sites were identified. All of the identified sites lie within the carboxy-terminal 100 amino acids of XRCC4. Substitution of each of these sites to alanine (in combination) reduced the ability of DNA-PK to phosphorylate XRCC4 in vitro by at least two orders of magnitude. However, XRCC4-deficient cells that were complemented with XRCC4 lacking DNA-PK phosphorylation sites were analogous to wild type XRCC4 with respect to survival after ionizing radiation and ability to repair DSBs introduced during V(D)J recombination.[1]


  1. DNA-PK phosphorylation sites in XRCC4 are not required for survival after radiation or for V(D)J recombination. Yu, Y., Wang, W., Ding, Q., Ye, R., Chen, D., Merkle, D., Schriemer, D., Meek, K., Lees-Miller, S.P. DNA Repair (Amst.) (2003) [Pubmed]
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