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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oct-1 maintains an intermediate, stable state of HLA-DRA promoter repression in Rb-defective cells: an Oct-1-containing repressosome that prevents NF-Y binding to the HLA-DRA promoter.

The cell surface HLA-DR molecule binds foreign peptide antigen and forms an intercellular complex with the T cell receptor in the course of the development of an immune response against or immune tolerance to the antigen represented by the bound peptide. The HLA-DR molecule also functions as a receptor that mediates cell signaling pathways, including as yet poorly characterized pathway(s) leading to apoptosis. Expression of HLA-DR mRNA and protein is ordinarily inducible by interferon-gamma but is not inducible in tumor cells defective for the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (Rb). In the case of the HLA-DRA gene, which encodes the HLA-DR heavy chain, previous work has indicated that this loss of inducibility is attributable to Oct-1 binding to the HLA-DRA promoter. In this report, we used Oct-1 antisense transformants to determine that Oct-1 represses the interferon-gamma response of the endogenous HLA-DRA gene. This determination is consistent with results from a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, indicating that Oct-1 occupies the endogenous HLA-DRA promoter when the HLA-DRA promoter is inactive in Rb-defective cells but not when the promoter is converted to a previously defined, transcriptionally competent state, induced by treatment of the Rb-defective cells with the HDAC inhibitor, trichostatin A. In vitro DNA-protein binding analyses indicated that Oct-1 prevents HLA-DRA promoter activation by mediating the formation of a complex of proteins, termed DRAN (DRA negative), that blocks NF-Y access to the promoter.[1]


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