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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TAP genes and immunity.

The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter family that specializes in delivering cytosolic peptides to class I molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. The TAP is a major target of genetic alteration in tumours and disruption by viral inhibitors. In some species, TAP genes have co-evolved with MHC class I molecules to deliver peptides that are customised for particular alleles. In humans, MHC class I polymorphism determines the level of tapasin-mediated association with TAP and subsequent peptide optimisation within the peptide-loading complex (PLC). MHC class I molecules that still load peptides without complexing to the TAP might be more resistant to viral interference of the PLC and less sensitive to competition for TAP by other class I allotypes.[1]


  1. TAP genes and immunity. McCluskey, J., Rossjohn, J., Purcell, A.W. Curr. Opin. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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