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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Revisiting the regiospecificity of Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 biphenyl dioxygenase toward 2,2'-dichlorobiphenyl and 2,3,2',3'-tetrachlorobiphenyl.

2,2'-Dichlorobiphenyl (CB) is transformed by the biphenyl dioxygenase of Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 (LB400 BPDO) into two metabolites (1 and 2). The most abundant metabolite, 1, was previously identified as 2,3-dihydroxy-2'-chlorobiphenyl and was presumed to originate from the initial attack by the oxygenase on the chlorine-bearing ortho carbon and on its adjacent meta carbon of one phenyl ring. 2,3,2',3'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl is transformed by LB400 BPDO into two metabolites that had never been fully characterized structurally. We determined the precise identity of the metabolites produced by LB400 BPDO from 2,2'-CB and 2,3,2',3'-CB, thus providing new insights on the mechanism by which 2,2'-CB is dehalogenated to generate 2,3-dihydroxy-2'-chlorobiphenyl. We reacted 2,2'-CB with the BPDO variant p4, which produces a larger proportion of metabolite 2. The structure of this compound was determined as cis-3,4-dihydro-3,4-dihydroxy-2,2'-dichlorobiphenyl by NMR. Metabolite 1 obtained from 2,2'-CB-d(8) was determined to be a dihydroxychlorobiphenyl-d(7) by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis, and the observed loss of only one deuterium clearly shows that the oxygenase attack occurs on carbons 2 and 3. An alternative attack at the 5 and 6 carbons followed by a rearrangement leading to the loss of the ortho chlorine would have caused the loss of more than one deuterium. The major metabolite produced from catalytic oxygenation of 2,3,2',3'-CB by LB400 BPDO was identified by NMR as cis-4,5-dihydro-4,5-dihydroxy-2,3,2',3'-tetrachlorobiphenyl. These findings show that LB400 BPDO oxygenates 2,2'-CB principally on carbons 2 and 3 and that BPDO regiospecificity toward 2,2'-CB and 2,3,2,',3'-CB disfavors the dioxygenation of the chlorine-free ortho-meta carbons 5 and 6 for both congeners.[1]


  1. Revisiting the regiospecificity of Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 biphenyl dioxygenase toward 2,2'-dichlorobiphenyl and 2,3,2',3'-tetrachlorobiphenyl. Barriault, D., Lépine, F., Mohammadi, M., Milot, S., Leberre, N., Sylvestre, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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