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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of biotin in biological materials after crown ether-catalyzed fluorescence derivatization with panacyl bromide.

This paper reports a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) technique to determine biotin in biological samples. Biotin and the internal standard dethiobiotin are converted into fluorescent derivatives by using panacyl bromide [p-(9-anthroyloxy)phenacyl bromide] as a fluorescence label. Biotin is extracted from biological tissue with trichloroacetic acid and the extract is purified by a combination of solid-phase extraction on C18 cartridges, ion-exchange chromatography on DOWEX formate resin, and thin-layer chromatography. The purified sample extract is derivatized in the presence of a crown ether. The resulting panacyl esters can be separated on reversed-phase as well as on normal-phase HPLC. Normal phase HPLC is preferable because it provides higher sensitivity and demands less sample pretreatment. Analysis of rat intestinal tissue revealed that only about 13% of the biotin is present in free form whereas 87% is bound in proteins from which it can be released by hydrolysis. Biotin values determined by this method are comparable to those obtained by other techniques.[1]


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