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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hormonal regulation of the Grb14 signal modulator and its role in cell cycle progression of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.

Growth factor receptor bound (Grb)14 is a member of the Grb7 family of src homology (SH)2 domain-containing proteins. These proteins perform both adaptor and modulatory roles in receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling, although their regulation is poorly understood. In this study, a positive correlation between Grb14 protein expression and ER alpha status in breast cancer cell lines led us to investigate regulation of Grb14 by estradiol and insulin, which synergize in the regulation of breast cancer cell proliferation. In MCF-7 cells maintained in charcoal-stripped serum, Grb14 expression was downregulated by estradiol and increased by the pure anti-estrogen ICI 182780. Under serum-free conditions, insulin enhanced Grb14 expression but this effect was repressed by estradiol when both hormones were used in combination. Using a system in which c-Myc induction drives cell cycle progression independently of estradiol, we demonstrated that Grb14 regulation was specific to estradiol treatment. Finally, we demonstrated a novel functional role for Grb14 whereby its overexpression inhibited not only insulin- but also estrogen-induced cell cycle progression. This was associated with decreased extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk)1/2 activation in insulin- stimulated Grb14-overexpressing cells. These data represent the first demonstration of regulation of Grb14 expression levels in response to hormonal stimuli, and are consistent with its role as a repressor of insulin signaling where it is induced as a negative feedback mechanism. A role for Grb14 is also shown in estrogen/insulin crosstalk since estradiol blocks the insulin-induced induction of this protein.[1]


  1. Hormonal regulation of the Grb14 signal modulator and its role in cell cycle progression of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Kairouz, R., Parmar, J., Lyons, R.J., Swarbrick, A., Musgrove, E.A., Daly, R.J. J. Cell. Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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