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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

"Oxidative stress" response in liver of an untreated newborn mouse having a 1.2-centimorgan deletion on chromosome 7.

The c14CoS/c14CoS mouse has a homozygous deletion of about 1.2 cM on chromosome 7 that includes the albino (c) locus. The untreated 14CoS/14CoS newborn has been reported to exhibit a marked transcriptional activation of the hepatic NAD(P)H:menadione oxidoreductase (Nmo-1; DT diaphorase; quinone reductase; azo dye reductase) gene, as well as elevated UDP glucuronosyl-transferase (UGT1*06) and glutathione transferase (GT1) activities, when compared with the cch/cch wild-type and the cch/c14CoS heterozygote. We show here that the newborn hepatic activities of seven enzymes that play a role in the oxidative stress response--NMO1, UGT1*06, GT1, copper-zinc superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase--are increased 1.5- to 25-fold in 14CoS/14CoS, as compared with ch/ch and ch/14CoS mice. The activities of four additional enzymes having no known association with the oxidative stress response--benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase (CYP1A1, cytochrome P(1)450), acetanilide 4-hydroxylase (CYP1A2, cytochrome P(3)450), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase--are not significantly different among the three genotypes. These data suggest that there exists an "oxidative stress" response in the untreated 14CoS/14CoS newborn. We postulate that a chromosome 7 regulatory gene, which we have named Nmo-1n, might encode a trans-acting negative effector of the Nmo-1 gene, and genes corresponding to the other elevated enzymic activities described above. When both copies of Nmo-1n are deleted, as is the case in 14CoS/14CoS mice, a battery of genes involved in oxidative stress is released from negative control and becomes activated--despite the absence of any apparent oxidative insult by foreign chemicals.[1]


  1. "Oxidative stress" response in liver of an untreated newborn mouse having a 1.2-centimorgan deletion on chromosome 7. Liang, H.C., Shertzer, H.G., Nebert, D.W. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1992) [Pubmed]
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