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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Recognition of the tryptophan-based endocytosis signal in the neonatal Fc Receptor by the mu subunit of adaptor protein-2.

Endocytosis of membrane proteins is typically mediated by signals present in their cytoplasmic domains. These signals usually contain an essential tyrosine or pair of leucine residues. Both tyrosine- and dileucine-based endocytosis signals are recognized by the adaptor complex AP-2. The best understood of these interactions occurs between the tyrosine-based motif, YXXPhi, and the mu2 subunit of AP-2. We recently reported a tryptophan-based endocytosis signal, WLSL, contained within the cytoplasmic domain of the neonatal Fc receptor. This signal resembles YXXPhi. We have investigated the mechanism by which the tryptophan-based signal is recognized. Both interaction assays in vitro and endocytosis assays in vivo show that mu2 binds the tryptophan-based signal. Furthermore, the WLSL sequence binds the same site as YXXPhi. Unlike the WXXF motif, contained in stonin 2 and other endocytic proteins, WLSL does not bind the alpha subunit of AP-2. These observations reveal a functional similarity between the tryptophan-based endocytosis signal and the YXXPhi motif, and an unexpected versatility of mu2 function.[1]


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