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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Decrease in TTP pools mediated by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine exposure in a human glioblastoma cell line.

The antitumor and radiosensitizing properties of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BUdR) appear to be due, in part, to its incorporation into cellular DNA. To optimize conditions for incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate (BrdUMP) into DNA, we investigated the metabolism of BUdR to its DNA precursor form, the 5'-triphosphate BrdUTP, in the U251 human glioblastoma cell line. The results demonstrated that BrdUTP accumulated rapidly in this cell line, achieving steady-state values within 2 hr of drug addition. The level of BrdUTP accumulation was proportional to the amount of exogenous BUdR up to a concentration of 100 microM, without apparent saturation. Exposure of glioblastoma cells to BUdR was associated with substantial selective decreases in both the cellular dCTP and TTP pools, the extent of which was dependent on the exogenous BUdR concentration. In the absence of exogenous BUdR, BrdUTP was eliminated rapidly from cells with an initial half-life of approximately 15 min. As the cellular BrdUTP level declined, the dCTP and TTP levels increased to control values. Incorporation of BrdUMP into DNA appeared linear with time as long as the cellular BrdUTP level remained constant. This incorporation was not enhanced by the addition of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FUdR), a potent inhibitor of thymidylate synthetase, which at a concentration of 10 nM had no effect on TTP pools in this cell line. Thus, the decrease in cellular TTP pools mediated by BrdUTP allows the halogenated pyrimidine to enhance its own incorporation into DNA.[1]


  1. Decrease in TTP pools mediated by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine exposure in a human glioblastoma cell line. Shewach, D.S., Ellero, J., Mancini, W.R., Ensminger, W.D. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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