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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A phase I trial and pharmacokinetic study of tipifarnib, a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, and tamoxifen in metastatic breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Farnesyltransferase ( FTase) inhibitors, which were designed to inhibit oncogenic Ras, act synergistically with tamoxifen in preclinical breast cancer models. We studied the safety and toxicity of tipifarnib in combination with tamoxifen in metastatic breast cancer. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tipifarnib were also assessed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic, hormone receptor-positive breast cancer were enrolled. Two cohorts of patients were treated with tipifarnib at either 200 or 300 mg p.o. twice daily for 21 of 28 days. Tamoxifen (20 mg once daily) was started after 1 week of tipifarnib monotherapy to perform pharmacokinetics and FTase inhibition levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells with tipifarnib alone and with tipifarnib and tamoxifen. RESULTS: A total of 12 heavily pretreated patients with prior progression on hormonal therapy were enrolled. Minimal toxicity was observed at the 200-mg dose level of tipifarnib. At the 300-mg dose, all six patients required dose reduction of tipifarnib due to toxicities that included grade 2 nausea, rash, and fatigue and grade 3 diarrhea and neutropenia. Tipifarnib pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variables were similar in the presence and absence of tamoxifen. Average FTase inhibition was 42% at 200 mg and 54% at 300 mg in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Of the 12 patients treated, there were two partial responses and one stable disease for >6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Tipifarnib (200 mg twice daily for 21 of 28 days) and tamoxifen (20 mg once daily) can be given safely with minimal toxicity. Tamoxifen does not have a significant effect on tipifarnib pharmacokinetics.[1]


  1. A phase I trial and pharmacokinetic study of tipifarnib, a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, and tamoxifen in metastatic breast cancer. Lebowitz, P.F., Eng-Wong, J., Widemann, B.C., Balis, F.M., Jayaprakash, N., Chow, C., Clark, G., Gantz, S.B., Venzon, D., Zujewski, J. Clin. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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