The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Temperature activated degradation (mineralization) of 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol by Fenton's reagent.

With the aim to evaluate the effect of temperature, 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol (CMP) degradation by Fenton's reagent was investigated at 25 and 70 degrees C under the following initial conditions: [CMP]0 = 10 mM, [Fe2+]0 = 0.5 mM; ([H2O2]0/[CMP]0) = 80, pH0 = 3. The results indicated that CMP degradation was strongly influenced by temperature. In fact, the maximum TOC removal, achieved after ca. 24h, was by far greater at 70 degrees C (85%) than at 25 degrees C (36%). The same happened for organic chlorine ( TOX) conversion into inorganic chloride, i.e. 100%, after 3 h at 70 degrees C, and 87%, after 27 h at 25 degrees C. As the recorded trends of CMP removal and chloride formation were basically the same, hydroxy substitution (ipso-substitution) was hypothesised as one likely mechanism of CMP degradation. The higher level of mineralization recorded at 70 degrees C was ascribed to: (i) a greater *OH concentration; (ii) a consequently greater extent of CMP oxidation to organic acids; (iii) a higher decarboxylation rate of such acids. An interesting consequence of such extended organic acids decarboxylation was a pH increase up to 8 that, in turn, caused, in the treated mixture, the decomposition of excess H2O2 as well as the precipitation of iron ions. These two latter outcomes are technologically important considering that usually, before discharging Fenton treated wastewater, specific polishing steps are required just to remove iron ions, decompose excess hydrogen peroxide and neutralise the pH.[1]


  1. Temperature activated degradation (mineralization) of 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol by Fenton's reagent. Lopez, A., Mascolo, G., Detomaso, A., Lovecchio, G., Villani, G. Chemosphere (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities