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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protein and peptide binding and stimulation of in vitro lysosomal proteolysis by the 73-kDa heat shock cognate protein.

Lysosomal degradation of intracellular proteins during serum withdrawal is stimulated by a member of the 70-kDa heat shock protein (hsp70) family (Chiang, H.-L., Terlecky, S. R., Plant, C. P., and Dice, J. F. (1989) Science 246, 382-385). This hsp70, isolated by affinity chromatography with RNase S-peptide-Sepharose, is referred to as the 73-kDa peptide recognition protein (prp73). We now report that prp73 binds to several proteins and peptides whose degradative rates are increased during serum withdrawal. prp73 also binds to the pentapeptide, KFERQ, and more weakly to most modified RNase S-peptide derivatives with a single amino acid substitution within the KFERQ sequence. Taken together, these results suggest that prp73 binds to a variety of proteins at peptide regions biochemically related to KFERQ. Three lines of evidence indicate that prp73 is the heat shock cognate protein of 73 kDa (hsc73): (a) among five hsp70s tested, hsc73 binds to RNase S-peptide most avidly, (b) both prp73 and hsc73 also bind to RNase A and aspartate aminotransferase but not to ovalbumin, lysozyme, or ubiquitin, and (c) both prp73 and hsc73 promote uptake and degradation of [3H] RNase S-peptide by lysosomes in vitro, while three other hsp70s are without activity in this assay.[1]


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