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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

MIP-1alpha[CCL3] acting on the CCR1 receptor mediates neutrophil migration in immune inflammation via sequential release of TNF-alpha and LTB4.

In the present study, we investigated the involvement of macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha)[CC chemokine ligand 3 ( CCL3)], MIP-1beta[CCL4], regulated on activation, normal T expressed and secreted (RANTES)[CCL5], and CC chemokine receptors (CCRs) on neutrophil migration in murine immune inflammation. Previously, we showed that ovalbumin (OVA)-triggered neutrophil migration in immunized mice depends on the sequential release of tumor necrosis factor alpha ( TNF-alpha) and leukotriene B(4)(LTB(4)). Herein, we show increased mRNA expression for MIP-1alpha[CCL3], MIP-1beta[CCL4], RANTES[CCL5], and CCR1 in peritoneal cells harvested from OVA-challenged, immunized mice, as well as MIP-1alpha[CCL3] and RANTES[CCL5] but not MIP-1beta[CCL4] proteins in the peritoneal exudates. OVA- induced neutrophil migration response was muted in immunized MIP-1alpha[CCL3](-/-) mice, but it was not inhibited by treatment with antibodies against RANTES[CCL5] or MIP-1beta[CCL4]. MIP-1alpha[CCL3] mediated neutrophil migration in immunized mice through induction of TNF-alpha and LTB(4) synthesis, as these mediators were detected in the exudates harvested from OVA-challenged immunized wild-type but not MIP-1alpha[CCL3](-/-) mice; administration of MIP-1alpha[CCL3] induced a dose-dependent neutrophil migration, which was inhibited by treatment with an anti- TNF-alpha antibody in TNF receptor 1 (p55(-/-))-deficient mice or by MK 886 (a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor); and MIP-1alpha[CCL3] failed to induce LTB(4) production in p55(-/-) mice. MIP-1alpha[CCL3] used CCR1 to promote neutrophil recruitment, as OVA or MIP-1alpha[CCL3] failed to induce neutrophil migration in CCR1(-/-) mice, in contrast to CCR5(-/-) mice. In summary, we have demonstrated that neutrophil migration observed in this model of immune inflammation is mediated by MIP-1alpha[CCL3], which via CCR1, induces the sequential release of TNF-alpha and LTB(4). Therefore, whether a similar pathway mediates neutrophil migration in human immune-inflammatory diseases, the development of specific CCR1 antagonists might have a therapeutic potential.[1]


  1. MIP-1alpha[CCL3] acting on the CCR1 receptor mediates neutrophil migration in immune inflammation via sequential release of TNF-alpha and LTB4. Ramos, C.D., Canetti, C., Souto, J.T., Silva, J.S., Hogaboam, C.M., Ferreira, S.H., Cunha, F.Q. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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