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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Counterion dependent dye aggregates: nanorods and nanorings of tetra(p-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin.

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) of porphyrin aggregates formed on silica from acidic aqueous solution is used to investigate the basis for the previously reported counterion dependence of the optical spectra of aggregates of H(2)TCPP(2+), the diacid form of tetra(p-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP). Resonance light scattering confirms the presence of excitonically coupled porphyrin aggregates in solutions of H(2)TCPP(2+) in both aqueous HCl and HNO(3). Aggregates formed in aqueous HNO(3) solutions show resonance light scattering (RLS) at wavelengths within both the H and J aggregate absorption bands and are imaged on the surface of silica as nanorods about 3 to 4 nm in height. H(2)TCPP(2+) aggregates in aqueous HCl solution exhibit RLS when excited within the blue-shifted Soret band (H band) and produce AFM images on silica of ring-shaped structures ranging from about 200 to 2000 nm in diameter. Fluorescence excitation and emission spectra reveal quenching of the Q-band emission in the aggregates at a pH less than 1 and confirm the existence of a single species, assigned to a dimer, at a pH just above 1. The morphology of the nanostructures as revealed by AFM provides insight into the structural basis for the counterion-dependent optical properties of H(2)TCPP(2+) aggregates.[1]


  1. Counterion dependent dye aggregates: nanorods and nanorings of tetra(p-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin. Doan, S.C., Shanmugham, S., Aston, D.E., McHale, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2005) [Pubmed]
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