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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Lack of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 results in an enhanced inflammatory response in antigen-induced arthritis.

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3) is known to inhibit matrix metalloproteinases, aggrecanases, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE, ADAM17). These metalloproteases participate in different aspects of joint destruction in inflammatory arthritis. To determine the relative importance of this inhibitor in joint pathology, wild-type and Timp3-/- mice were immunized with methylated bovine serum albumin followed by arthritis induction by intra-articular injection of the same antigen. Animals were monitored for up to 14 days after challenge, and joint tissues were analyzed by routine and Safranin O staining and for the presence of aggrecan neoepitopes produced by metalloprotease cleavage. Serum TNF-alpha was measured by immunoassay. Compared to wild-type animals, Timp3-/- mice showed a dramatic increase in the initial inflammatory response to intra-articular antigen injection, and serum TNF-alpha levels were greatly elevated in the Timp3-/- animals after immunization. However, these differences in clinical features disappeared by days 7 to 14. No difference in Safranin O staining or aggrecan cleavage site neoepitope abundance was seen. Thus, in inflammatory joint disease TIMP-3 likely dampens the inflammatory response of TNF-alpha by reducing ADAM17 activity.[1]

References

  1. Lack of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 results in an enhanced inflammatory response in antigen-induced arthritis. Mahmoodi, M., Sahebjam, S., Smookler, D., Khokha, R., Mort, J.S. Am. J. Pathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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