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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of protein kinase C-Ras- MAPK p44/42 in ethanol and transforming growth factor-beta3- induced basic fibroblast growth factor release from folliculostellate cells.

In the present study, we determined the interactive effects of ethanol and transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta3) on basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) release from folliculostellate (FS) cells and the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) pathway in this interaction. We found that TGF-beta3 and ethanol alone increased release of bFGF from FS cells, but together they showed markedly increased levels of bFGF compared with the individual effect. Ethanol and TGF-beta3 alone moderately increased activation of MAPK p44/42, but together they produced marked activation of MAPK p44/42. TGF-beta3 alone increased the activation of smad2. Ethanol did not activate smad2 or alter TGF-beta3 activation of smad2. Pretreatment of FS cells with a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2 inhibitor or with a protein kinase C ( PKC) inhibitor suppressed the TGF-beta3 and ethanol actions on MAPK p44/42 activation and bFGF release. Ethanol and TGF-beta3, either alone or in combination, increased the levels of active Ras. Furthermore, the MAPK p44/42 activation by TGF-beta3 and ethanol was blocked by overexpression of Ras N17, a dominant negative mutant of Ras p21. These data suggest that the PKC- activated Ras-dependent MAPK p44/42 pathway is involved in the cross talk between TGF-beta3 and ethanol to increase bFGF release from FS cells.[1]


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