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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

New drug salt formation in biodegradable microspheres.

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of inorganic salts in the external phase of an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion method during microsphere preparation. METHODS: An O/W emulsion method was used to prepare poly(D,L-lactic acid) microspheres containing quinidine sulfate. Different inorganic salts were used in the external phase during microsphere preparation. Microsphere drug loading was determined by UV and the drug salt anions inside the microspheres were determined by ion chromatography. RESULTS: New drug salts were formed during encapsulation in the microspheres when salts with non-common anions to the drug salt were used. Drug loading increased when NaClO4 or NaSCN were used. The fraction of drug as the new salt in microspheres increased non-linearly with the salt concentration in the external phase, however, the fraction of drug as the new encapsulated salt was linearly related to drug loading. Drug loading decreased and new salt fraction increased with increasing organic solvent volume or with decreasing cosolvent polarity. CONCLUSIONS: Introducing salts containing non-common anions to the drug salt employed in the external phase of O/W emulsion microsphere method leads to new salt formation. The extent of new drug salt formation is affected by salt levels added, cosolvent type and polymer concentration.[1]


  1. New drug salt formation in biodegradable microspheres. Al-Maaieh, A., Flanagan, D.R. International journal of pharmaceutics. (2005) [Pubmed]
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