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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Impaired platelet function in a patient with P2Y12 deficiency caused by a mutation in the translation initiation codon.

In this study, we have identified a patient (OSP-1) with a congenital P2Y12 deficiency showing a mild bleeding tendency from her childhood and examined the role of P2Y12 in platelet function. At low concentrations of agonists OSP-1 platelets showed an impaired aggregation to several kinds of stimuli, whereas at high concentrations they showed a specifically impaired platelet aggregation to adenosine diphosphate (ADP). ADP normally induced platelet shape change and failed to inhibit PGE1-stimulated cAMP accumulation in OSP-1 platelets. Molecular genetic analysis revealed that OSP-1 was a homozygous for a mutation in the translation initiation codon (ATG to AGG) in the P2Y12 gene. Heterologous cell expression of wild-type or mutant P2Y12 confirmed that the mutation was responsible for the deficiency in P2Y12. OSP-1 platelets showed a markedly impaired platelet spreading onto immobilized fibrinogen. Real-time observations of thrombogenesis under a high shear rate (2000 s(-1)) revealed that thrombi over collagen were small and loosely packed and most of the aggregates were unable to resist against high shear stress in OSP-1. Our data suggest that secretion of endogenous ADP and subsequent P2Y12-mediated signaling are critical for platelet aggregation, platelet spreading, and as a consequence, for stabilization of thrombus.[1]


  1. Impaired platelet function in a patient with P2Y12 deficiency caused by a mutation in the translation initiation codon. Shiraga, M., Miyata, S., Kato, H., Kashiwagi, H., Honda, S., Kurata, Y., Tomiyama, Y., Kanakura, Y. J. Thromb. Haemost. (2005) [Pubmed]
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