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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequential ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6 and ORC directs loading of the Mcm2-7 helicase.

Loading of the Mcm2-7 DNA replicative helicase onto origin-proximal DNA is a critical and tightly regulated event during the initiation of eukaryotic DNA replication. The resulting protein-DNA assembly is called the prereplicative complex (pre-RC), and its formation requires the origin recognition complex (ORC), Cdc6, Cdt1, and ATP. ATP hydrolysis by ORC is required for multiple rounds of Mcm2-7 loading. Here, we investigate the role of ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6 during pre-RC assembly. We find that Cdc6 is an ORC- and origin DNA-dependent ATPase that functions at a step preceding ATP hydrolysis by ORC. Inhibiting Cdc6 ATP hydrolysis stabilizes Cdt1 on origin DNA and prevents Mcm2-7 loading. In contrast, the initial association of Mcm2-7 with the other pre-RC components does not require ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6. Importantly, these coordinated yet distinct functions of ORC and Cdc6 ensure the correct temporal and spatial regulation of pre-RC formation.[1]


  1. Sequential ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6 and ORC directs loading of the Mcm2-7 helicase. Randell, J.C., Bowers, J.L., Rodríguez, H.K., Bell, S.P. Mol. Cell (2006) [Pubmed]
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