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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of coupling subsites and inhibition effects of piperidine alkaloids and aminoketones on plant amine oxidases.

In the present work we compare the binding subsites of inhibitors from a series of alkaloids and aminoketones on pea and sainfoin diamine oxidase (EC; DAO) by the graphical method. As standard competitive inhibitors we have chosen oxoanalogs of the substrates, namely, 1,4-diamino-2-butanone and 1,5-diamino-3-pentanone, which were compared with the alkaloids (+)-sedamine, (-)-norallosedamine, (-)-norsedamine, L-lobeline, cinchonine and aromatic analogs of aliphatic aminoketones such as 1-amino-3-phenyl-3-propanone and 1-amino-3-phenyl-2-propanone. In the case of pea DAO all inhibitors compete for the same subsites with 1,4-diamino-2-butanone and 1,5-diamino-3-pentanone (alpha = infinity). In the case of sainfoin enzyme they are bound to other subsites and the interaction constants (0 < alpha < 1) point to a positive attraction between these two types of inhibitors. With sainfoin DAO, 1-amino-3-phenyl-3-propanone is bound into the same subsite as 1,4-diamino-2-butanone. Cinchonine and 1-amino-3-phenyl-3-propanone are bound to two different subsites and the value of the interaction constant (1 < alpha < infinity) shows repulsion between the inhibitors.[1]


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