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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Elucidation of the Effects of the CYP1A2 Deficiency Polymorphism in the Metabolism of 4-Cyclohexyl-1-ethyl-7-methylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2-(1H)-one (YM-64227), a Phosphodiesterase Type 4 Inhibitor, and Its Metabolites in Dogs.

The canine CYP1A2 1117 C>T single nucleotide polymorphism is responsible for a substantial portion of the interindividual variability seen in the pharmacokinetics of 4-cyclohexyl-1-ethyl-7-methylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2-(1H)-one (YM-64227). The purpose of this study is to investigate the contribution of CYP1A2 to the metabolism of YM-64227 and its five metabolites (MM-1 to MM-5), as well as to determine the interindividual variability between the pharmacokinetic profiles of the compounds with respect to the CYP1A2 deficiency polymorphism. alpha-Naphthoflavone and anti-CYP1A1/2 antibody inhibited the metabolic activities at which MM-2 and MM-3 were formed from YM-64227 in C/C- and C/T-type microsomes. In T/T type, the rate of MM-2 and MM-3 formation was lower, and alpha-naphthoflavone and anti-CYP1A1/2 antibody were shown to have no effect. A positive correlation between the overall metabolism of YM-64227 and phenacetin O-deethylation, a CYP1A2 activity marker, was observed in all the genotypes. The in vitro metabolic clearances in the T/T type of MM-1, MM-3, MM-4, and MM-5 were less than 50% lower than those in the C/C type. The anti-CYP1A1/2 antibody inhibited the metabolism of MM-1, MM-3, MM-4, and MM-5 in the C/C and C/T types. These results suggest that the formation of MM-2 and MM-3 from YM-64227 is catalyzed by CYP1A2, and that CYP1A2 contributes mainly to the subsequent metabolism of the primary metabolites of YM-64227, with the exception of MM-2. It is possible that the interindividual variability of YM-64227 with respect to the CYP1A2 deficiency polymorphism is caused by a decrease in the metabolic activities of both the unchanged drug and its metabolites.[1]


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