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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Efficacy of cethromycin, a new ketolide, against Streptococcus pneumoniae susceptible or resistant to erythromycin in a murine pneumonia model.

Cethromycin is a ketolide with in vitro activity against macrolide-sensitive and -resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae. We compared its in vivo efficacy to erythromycin in a mouse model of acute pneumonia induced by two virulent clinical strains: a serotype 3 susceptible strain (P-4241) (MICs: erythromycin, 0.03 microg/ml; cethromycin, 0.015 microg/ml) and a serotype 1 strain resistant to erythromycin (P-6254; phenotypically MLSB constitutive) (MICs: erythromycin, 1,024 microg/ml; cethromycin, 0.03 microg/ml). Immunocompetent mice were infected with 10(5) CFU of each strain. Six treatments given either subcutaneously (s.c.) or per os (p.o.) at 12-h intervals were initiated at 6 or 12 h after infection. Against P-4241, cethromycin given s.c. at 25 or 12.5 mg/kg protected 100% of the animals, with lungs and blood completely cleared of bacteria. Given p.o., cethromycin maintained its efficacy with 100 and 86% survival at 25 and 12.5 mg/kg, respectively. Erythromycin, given s.c. at 50 or 37.5 mg/kg, provided 50 and 38% survival rates, respectively. Against P-6254, cethromycin was effective at 25 mg/kg (100% survival) regardless of the administration route, whereas only 25 and 8% of animals survived after a 75-mg/kg erythromycin treatment given s.c. and p.o., respectively. The serum protein binding levels of cethromycin were 94.8 and 88.5% after doses of 12.5 and 25 mg/kg, respectively. The higher in vivo activity of cethromycin compared to erythromycin could be explained by favorable pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic indexes against P-6254 but not against P-4241.[1]

References

  1. Efficacy of cethromycin, a new ketolide, against Streptococcus pneumoniae susceptible or resistant to erythromycin in a murine pneumonia model. Azoulay-Dupuis, E., Mohler, J., Bédos, J.P., Barau, C., Fantin, B. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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