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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The {alpha}-Adducin Gene Is Associated With Macrovascular Complications and Mortality in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

We examined the association between alpha-adducin 1 (ADD1) gene polymorphism (Gly460Trp) with macrovascular complications and mortality in type 2 diabetes in a Caucasian population aged >/=55 years. The study was part of the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort study. ADD1 polymorphism was determined in 6,471 participants, including 599 patients with type 2 diabetes at baseline. The prevalence of hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients was 2.57 times higher in ADD1 TT carriers compared with GG carriers (95% CI 1.05-6.32, P = 0.03). Homozygous T carriers also had a higher mean common carotid intima media thickness (IMT) compared with GG carriers (mean difference 0.05 mm, P for trend = 0.03). In diabetic patients with hypertension, the risk of mortality was 1.83 times higher in homozygous T carriers compared with the GG genotype group (95% CI 1.07-3.16, P = 0.03). The increased risk was only present among TT carriers who did not use antidiabetes medication (hazard ratio 2.18 [95% CI 1.12-4.24], P = 0.02). The results of this population-based cohort study suggest that the ADD1 gene contributes to the risk of hypertension and increases mean common carotid IMT in patients with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, the study indicates that the ADD1 polymorphism could be useful in identifying hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients with a high risk of mortality.[1]


  1. The {alpha}-Adducin Gene Is Associated With Macrovascular Complications and Mortality in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. Yazdanpanah, M., Sayed-Tabatabaei, F.A., Hofman, A., Aulchenko, Y.S., Oostra, B.A., Stricker, B.H., Pols, H.A., Lamberts, S.W., Witteman, J.C., Janssen, J.A., van Duijn, C.M. Diabetes (2006) [Pubmed]
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