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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dynamic association with polysomes during P19 neuronal differentiation and an untranslated-region-dependent translation regulation of the tau mRNA by the tau mRNA- associated proteins IMP1, HuD, and G3BP1.

Regulation of mRNA translation is a key step in mediating neuronal polarity during differentiation, insofar as neuronal polarity is partially determined by local translation of specific mRNA molecules as dendrites and axons are emanating. The multiplicity of mRNA-binding proteins in neurons plays an essential role in controlling mRNA translation. These proteins are associated with ribosomes and translation factors, thereby regulating both temporally and spatially the translation process. In a previous study, we have shown an association among the tau mRNA-binding proteins HuD, IMP1, and G3BP1 with translating polysomes in P19 neurons. In the present study, we determined the dynamics of the association among G3BP1, IMP1, and HuD with polysomes through P19 neuronal differentiation as well as the functional effect of these proteins on tau mRNA translation. We show a novel, differentiation-dependent association of these proteins with polysomes. In addition, we show a strong, negative effect on translation of the tau mRNA by IMP1, G3BP1, and HuD proteins in HEK-293 cells. To our knowledge this is the first observation of a direct translational role of G3BP1 for any mRNA and the first report of a translation inhibition by IMP1 and HuD on the tau mRNA in a cell system. The translation inhibition is shown to be mediated by the tau mRNA 3'untranslated regions (UTRs), thus giving a new, translational role for these sequences, which were previously implicated in mRNA stabilization. We also define a novel mechanism for IMP1 binding to tau mRNA, which suggests a conformational binding, which is not sequence dependent. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.[1]


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