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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Humoral and cellular immunity induced by tumor cell vaccine based on the chicken xenogeneic homologous matrix metalloproteinase-2.

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 ( MMP-2) has been used as a target for cancer immunotherapy. The activation of immunization by breaking immune tolerance to self- MMP-2 may be one of the promising approaches for the treatment of MMP-2-positive tumors. In this study, we constructed the xenogeneic tumor cell vaccine c- MMP-2 by transfecting CT26 and LLC cells with chicken MMP-2 cDNA constructs. MMP-2-specific autoantibodies in sera and tumor cells were found in mice immunized with c- MMP-2. Protection against tumor growth was evaluated in respect of the relative contributions of autoantibodies, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells. Treatment with this vaccine (c- MMP-2) also prolonged the survival time of mice bearing cancer. The specific cytotoxic T-cell responses suggested that the treatment increased CD8+ T-cell activity. The antitumor activity of c- MMP-2 was abrogated by in vivo depletion of CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocytes and improved by adoptive transfer of CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocytes from the mice treated with c- MMP-2. An alternative DNA vaccination strategy for cancer therapy was identified in this study by eliciting humoral and cellular immunoresponse with a crossreacting transfectant.[1]


  1. Humoral and cellular immunity induced by tumor cell vaccine based on the chicken xenogeneic homologous matrix metalloproteinase-2. Yi, T., Wei, Y.Q., Tian, L., Zhao, X., Li, J., Deng, H.X., Wen, Y.J., Zou, C.H., Tan, G.H., Kan, B., Su, J.M., Jiang, Y., Mao, Y.Q., Chen, P., Wang, Y.S. Cancer Gene Ther. (2007) [Pubmed]
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