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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

NOP receptor antagonist, JTC-801, blocks cannabinoid-evoked hypothermia in rats.

The present study used the endpoint of hypothermia to investigate cannabinoid and nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) interactions in conscious animals. Prior work has established that cannabinoids produce hypothermia by activating central cannabinoid CB(1) receptors. The administration of N/OFQ into the brain also causes significant hypothermia. Those data suggest a link between cannabinoid CB(1) receptors and N/OFQ peptide (NOP) receptors in the production of hypothermia. Therefore, we determined if NOP receptor activation is required for cannabinoid-evoked hypothermia and if cannabinoid CB(1) receptor activation is necessary for N/OFQ-induced hypothermia. In actual experiments, a cannabinoid agonist, WIN 55212-2 (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg, i.p.), caused significant hypothermia in male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-225 g). A NOP receptor antagonist, JTC-801 (1 mg/kg, i.p.), did not affect body temperature. For combined administration, JTC-801 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) blocked a significant proportion of the hypothermia caused by each dose of WIN 55212-2 (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg, i.p.). JTC-801 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) also blocked the hypothermia caused by another cannabinoid agonist, CP-55, 940 (1 mg/kg, i.p.). In separate experiments, the direct administration of N/OFQ (9 microg/rat, i.c.v.) into the brain produced significant hypothermia. The hypothermic effect of N/OFQ was blocked by JTC-801 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) but not by a selective cannabinoid CB(1) antagonist, SR 141716A (5 mg/kg, i.m.). The finding that a NOP receptor antagonist abolishes a significant percentage of cannabinoid-induced hypothermia suggests that NOP receptor activation is required for cannabinoids to produce hypothermia. This interaction, quantitated in the present study, is the first evidence that NOP receptors mediate a cannabinoid-induced effect in conscious animals.[1]


  1. NOP receptor antagonist, JTC-801, blocks cannabinoid-evoked hypothermia in rats. Rawls, S.M., Schroeder, J.A., Ding, Z., Rodriguez, T., Zaveri, N. Neuropeptides (2007) [Pubmed]
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