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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of sarizotan after oral administration of single and repeat doses in healthy subjects.

OBJECTIVE: Sarizotan is a 5-HTIA receptor agonist with high affinity for D3 and D4 receptors. Here we report the pharmacokinetic and tolerability results from four Phase 1 studies. MATERIALS: Two single-dose (5 -25 mg, n = 25, 0.5 - 5 mg, n = 16) and two multiple-dose (10 and 20 mg b.i.d., n = 30, 5 mg b.i.d., n = 12) studies with orally administered sarizotan HCl were carried out in healthy subjects. METHODS: Plasma sarizotan HCl concentrations were measured using a validated HPLC method and fluorescence or MS/MS detection. Pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained using standard non-compartmental methods. RESULTS: Sarizotan was rapidly absorbed, group-median times to reach maximum concentration (tmax) ranged from 0.5 -2.25 h after single doses and during steady state. Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and tmax were slightly dependent on formulation and food intake, whereas area under the curve (AUC) was unaffected by these factors. AUC and Cmax increased dose-proportionally over the tested dose range. Independently of dose and time, sarizotan HCl plasma concentrations declined polyexponentially with a terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) of 5 - 7 h. Accumulation factors corresponded to t1/2 values, and steady state was reached within 24 h. Plasma metabolite concentrations were considerably lower than those of the parent drug. The ratio metabolite AUC : parent drug AUC was time- and dose-independent for all three metabolites suggesting that the metabolism of sarizotan is non-saturable in the tested dose range. CONCLUSIONS: The pharmacokinetics of sarizotan were dose-proportional and time-independent for the dose range 0.5 -25 mg). The drug was well-tolerated by healthy subjects up to a single dose of 20 mg.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics of sarizotan after oral administration of single and repeat doses in healthy subjects. Krösser, S., Tillner, J., Fluck, M., Ungethüm, W., Wolna, P., Kovar, A. Int. J. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther (2007) [Pubmed]
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