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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of separated forms of phosphodiesterases from pig coronary arteries by uracils and by 7-substituted derivatives of 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine.

A series of 7-substituted 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthines was designed in an attempt to increade the specificity of the 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine (MIX) structure for one of the two cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase peaks isolated by DEAE-cellulose chromatography of the soluble fraction of the intima + media layer of pig coronary arteries. A series of 1,3-dialkyluracils was of low potency as inhibitors of either peak I or peak II. The 7-substituted xanthines were prepared by alkylation of MIX with the corresponding alkyl or aralkyl halide in DMF containing K2CO3. These compounds were, in general, much less potent inhibitors of peak II activity than was MIX, but some of them retained the potency of MIX as inhibitors of peak I and, therefore, were relatively specific for inhibition of peak I. 7-Bzl-MIX was the most selective compound tested; it was a potent inhibitor of peak I activity but was much less effective as an inhibitor of peak II activity. Substitution of either electron-withdrawing (nitro) or electron-donating (methoxy) groups on the 7-benzyl moiety reduced the effectiveness of the 7-benzyl compounds as inhibitors of peak I. Chlorobenzyl substitution increased the potency slightly over the benzyl but not the selectivity between peaks.[1]


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