The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Capsular polysaccharide and the O-specific antigen impede antibody binding: a potential obstacle for the successful development of an extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli vaccine.

Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) cause a wide variety of infections that are responsible for significant morbidity, mortality and costs to our healthcare system. An efficacious vaccine against ExPEC would be desirable. Previously, we demonstrated that nasal immunization with a genetically engineered strain in which capsule and O-antigen are no longer expressed (CP923) was immunogenic, generated antibodies that bound a subset of heterologous ExPEC strains, and enhanced neutrophil-mediated bactericidal activity against the homologous and a heterologous strain in vitro. In the work reported here we tested the hypothesis that nasal immunization with CP923 conferred protection in a mouse intravenous sepsis model. Nasal immunization with the wild-type strain CP9 conferred protection against challenge with itself and this protection was enhanced when IL-12 was used as an adjuvant. However, when CP923 was used the immunogen, protection was not observed against challenge with CP9. Next, we hypothesized that the observed lack of protection may be due to capsule and the O-antigen moiety of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) impeding antibody binding to non-capsule and O-antigen epitopes. This hypothesis was substantiated by in vitro binding assays, which demonstrated that binding of polyclonal anti-CP923 antisera was decreased when capsule and/or O-antigen were present. Lastly, neutrophil-mediated bactericidal activity against CP923, opsonisized with anti-CP923 antisera, was significantly increased compared to CP9. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the capsule and O-antigen form a biologically significant barrier against antibodies directed against non-capsular and O-antigen epitopes. This defense against the acquired immune response will need to be overcome for the development of a successful vaccine against ExPEC.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities