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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on the stability of trimelamol, a carbinolamine-containing antitumor drug.

The stability of trimelamol (N2,N4,N6-trimethylol-N2,N4,N6-trimethylmelamine) a synthetic carbinolamine-containing antitumor drug, has been studied. Two major degradation pathways have been characterized and a unified mechanism proposed to rationalize the chemistry involved. One degradation pathway involves the consecutive loss of hydroxymethylene units by elimination of formaldehyde until the parent trimethylmelamine (4) results. An HPLC method was used to obtain kinetic data for the loss of trimelamol and to monitor the order of appearance of three degradation products. This pathway was shown to follow first-order kinetics at all pH values studied at both 18 and 37 degrees C. The second pathway involves the coupling of two trimelamol molecules via a methylene bridge to form bis(trimelamol) (6) which had been previously referred to in the literature as a "polymer". This reaction is acid catalyzed and temperature dependent. Bis(trimelamol) is virtually water insoluble and adheres strongly to glass surfaces. Finally, t1/2 values have been determined for trimelamol in aqueous solution at different temperatures, and the kinetics of formation of degradation products has been studied over a period of 30 h under a variety of conditions of pH and temperature. The data reported here are relevant to both the formulation and clinical administration of trimelamol, and may contribute to an understanding of mechanism of action and future analogue development studies.[1]


  1. Studies on the stability of trimelamol, a carbinolamine-containing antitumor drug. Jackson, C., Crabb, T.A., Gibson, M., Godfrey, R., Saunders, R., Thurston, D.E. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1991) [Pubmed]
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