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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequences within an upstream activation site in the yeast enolase gene ENO2 modulate repression of ENO2 expression in strains carrying a null mutation in the positive regulatory gene GCR1.

Transcription of the yeast enolase gene ENO2 is reduced 20- to 50-fold in strains carrying a null mutation in the positive regulatory gene GCR1. A small deletion mutation within one of two upstream activation sites (UAS elements) in the 5'-flanking region of ENO2 permitted wild-type levels of ENO2 gene expression in a strain carrying the gcr1 null mutation. These data show that sequences required for UAS element activity in GCR1 strains were required to repress ENO2 expression in a gcr1 strain. Protein factors that specifically bound to this UAS/repression site were identified. We show that the DNA-binding protein ABFI (autonomously replicating sequence-binding factor) is the major protein which binds the UAS/repression site. Minor DNA-binding activities that interact specifically with the UAS/repression site were also identified and may correspond to proteolytic breakdown products of ABFI. None of the observed binding activities were encoded by the GCR1 structural gene. A double-stranded oligonucleotide that included the UAS/repression site activated transcription of UAS-less ENO1 and ENO2 gene cassettes in vivo to wild-type levels in strains carrying the GCR1 allele as well as the gcr1 null mutation. These latter data show that the UAS/repression site is sufficient for transcriptional activation but is not sufficient to repress transcription of the enolase genes in a gcr1 genetic background.[1]


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