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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The effects of reported Ca2+ sensitisers on the rates of Ca2+ release from cardiac troponin C and the troponin-tropomyosin complex.

1. The calcium sensitivity of force production of cardiac muscle fibres is altered by certain drugs. The sites of action of three such compounds (pimobendan, sulmazole, isomazole) within the myofibril have been investigated. Calmodulin antagonists, perhexilene and bepridil, which have been shown to alter the calcium dependence of myofibrillar ATPase activity and oxmetidine, an H2-receptor antagonist which binds to calmodulin, were also studied. 2. The rates of dissociation of calcium from both the regulatory and high affinity sites on bovine isolated cardiac troponin C (cTnC) were measured in a stopped-flow fluorimeter. The rates of dissociation were found to be 136.5 +/- 16 s-1 and 1.3 +/- 0.20 s-1 (mean +/- s.e.mean, n = 11 determinations; conditions: 100 mM KCl, 10 mM MOPS, 3 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM dithriothreitol, pH 7.0, 15 degrees C). Sulmazole, isomazole and perhexiline (final concentration of 50 microM) had no effect on the rate of Ca2+ dissociation from the regulatory Ca2+ site, indicating that these compounds do not act on cTnC directly. 3. The rate of dissociation of Ca2+ from the regulatory site was slightly reduced (approximately 20%) by pimobendan (50 and 100 microM) and was somewhat increased by oxmetidine (28% at 100 microM). 4. Bepridil (25 microM) reduced the rate of dissociation by 50%, indicating a direct effect of bepridil on TnC. 5. Sulmazole, isomazole, perhexiline, pimobendan (50 microM) and bepridil (25 microM) were without effect on the rate of dissociation of Ca2+ from the high affinity Ca2+/Mg2+ sites. Oxmetidine caused 24% decrease in the rate of Ca2+ dissociation from these sites.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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