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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinyl acetate inhibits platelet-derived growth factor-induced Ca2+ signals in C3H 10T1/2 fibroblasts.

Mitogenic stimulation of density-arrested C3H 10T1/2 mouse fibroblasts by serum or purified platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was potently inhibited by retinyl acetate (RAc; IC50 = 0.1 microgram/ml, 0.3 x 10(-6) M) when administered during the first 2 hours of mitogen exposure. This inhibitory effect of RAc coincided with a period early in the cell growth-division cycle when density-arrested C3H 10T1/2 cells stimulated by PDGF were found to require physiological levels of extracellular Ca2+ for the transition from G0 to G1 of the cell cycle. To determine if the inhibitory effect of RAc was mediated through alterations in the Ca2+ signaling pathway induced by mitogens, we examined Fura-2-loaded fibroblasts for changes in the Ca2+ response elicited by PDGF. Addition of PDGF (5 ng/ml) induced a transient increase in the [Ca2+]i that was not significantly effected by the extracellular Ca2+ concentration. Treatment of cells with RAc caused a concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of this PDGF-stimulated Ca2+ flux (IC50 = 0.45 microgram/ml or 1.5 x 10(-6) M; t1/2 = 15 min), whereas release of intracellularly stored Ca2+ by thrombin was unaffected by RAc (1.2 micrograms/ml, 4 x 10(-6) M). Treatment with RAc did not significantly affect PDGF binding to cell surface receptors or the generation of inositol phosphates. These results suggest that the mechanism by which RAc inhibits PDGF- or serum-induced mitogenesis is through modulation of the Ca2+ signal stimulated by PDGF, and thereby depriving the cell of a rise in intracellular Ca2+ necessary for progression through the cell cycle.[1]


  1. Retinyl acetate inhibits platelet-derived growth factor-induced Ca2+ signals in C3H 10T1/2 fibroblasts. Hill, T.D., Boynton, A.L., Dean, N.M., Mordan, L.J. J. Cell. Physiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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