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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deformylation of 32-oxo-24,25-dihydrolanosterol by the purified cytochrome P-45014DM (lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase) from yeast evidence confirming the intermediate step of lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylation.

32-Oxo-24,25-dihydrolanosterol (32-oxo-DHL) was deformylated to 4,4-dimethylcholesta-8,14-dien-3 beta-ol, the product of 14 alpha-demethylation of 24,25-dihydro-lanosterol (DHL), by the reconstituted lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase system consisting of cytochrome P-45014DM and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase of yeast. Affinity of 32-oxo-DHL to the cytochrome was considerably higher than those of lanosterol and DHL, and the rate of deformylation of 32-oxo-DHL was faster than the rate of demethylation of lanosterol and DHL. Spectral analysis of the 32-oxo-DHL complex of cytochrome P-45014DM suggested the interaction between the 32-aldehyde group and the heme iron. These observations, together with our preceding findings on the metabolism of 32-hydroxy-24,25-dihydrolanosterol (Aoyama, Y., Yoshida, Y., Sonoda, Y., and Sato, Y. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 1239-1243), indicate that the 14 alpha-demethylation of lanosterol catalyzed by cytochrome P-45014DM proceeds with three step monooxygenations via the 32-hydroxy and 32-oxo intermediates, and the cytochrome mediates this sequential reaction without releasing the intermediates.[1]


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