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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adaptive evolution of G-protein coupled receptor genes.

The phylogeny and patterns of nucleotide substitutions in the visual pigment genes, adrenergic receptor genes, muscarinic receptor genes, and in the human mas oncogene were studied by comparing their DNA sequences. The evolutionary tree obtained shows that the visual pigment genes and mas oncogene form one cluster and that the receptor genes form another. In the evolution of rhodopsin genes, synonymous substitutions outnumber nonsynonymous substitutions. This is consistent with the neutral theory of molecular evolution. However, the early evolutionary stages of alpha- and beta-adrenergic and muscarinic receptors are notable for significantly more nonsynonymous substitutions than synonymous substitutions, suggesting the acquisition of novel functional adaptations. Variable rates of nonsynonymous changes in different domains of these proteins reveal DNA segments that might have been important in their functional adaptations.[1]


  1. Adaptive evolution of G-protein coupled receptor genes. Yokoyama, S., Isenberg, K.E., Wright, A.F. Mol. Biol. Evol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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