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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulatory interactions of the calmodulin-binding, inhibitory, and autophosphorylation domains of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II.

Two peptide analogs of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK-(peptides)) were synthesized and used to probe interactions of the various regulatory domains of the kinase. CaMK-(281-289) contained only Thr286, the major Ca2+-dependent autophosphorylation site of the kinase (Schworer, C. M., Colbran, R. J., Keefer, J. R. & Soderling, T. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 13486-13489), whereas CaMK-(281-309) contained Thr286 together with the previously identified calmodulin binding and inhibitory domains (Payne, M. E., Fong, Y.-L., Ono, T., Colbran, R. J., Kemp, B. E., Soderling, T. R. & Means, A. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 7190-7195). CaMK-(281-309), but not CaMK-(281-289), bound calmodulin and was a potent inhibitor (IC50 = 0.88 +/- 0.7 microM using 20 microM syntide-2) of exogenous substrate (syntide-2 or glycogen synthase) phosphorylation by a completely Ca2+/calmodulin-independent form of the kinase generated by limited proteolysis with chymotrypsin. This inhibition was completely relieved by the inclusion of Ca2+/calmodulin in excess of CaMK-(281-309) in the assays. CaMK-(281-289) was a good substrate (Km = 11 microM; Vmax = 3.15 mumol/min/mg) for the proteolyzed kinase whereas phosphorylation of CaMK-(281-309) showed nonlinear Michaelis-Menton kinetics, with maximal phosphorylation (0.1 mumol/min/mg) at 20 microM and decreased phosphorylation at higher concentrations. The addition of Ca2+/calmodulin to assays stimulated the phosphorylation of CaMK-(281-309) by the proteolyzed kinase approximately 10-fold but did not affect the phosphorylation of CaMK-(281-289). A model for the regulation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II is proposed based on the above observations and results from other laboratories.[1]


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