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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Permissive role of calcium in alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation of pineal phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase (phospholipase C) activity.

Activation of alpha 1-adrenergic receptors increases [Ca+2]i and phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase (phospholipase C) activity in the pinealocyte. In this report the receptor involved in the stimulation of phospholipase C activity was further characterized, and the role of Ca2+ in this effect was investigated in some detail. Phospholipase C activity was estimated by measuring the production of [3H]inositol phosphates by [3H]inositol-labelled dispersed pinealocytes in suspension culture. Norepinephrine stimulated [3H]inositol monophosphate production severalfold; this was blocked by alpha 1-adrenergic antagonists, including prazosin, WB 4101, and phenoxybenzamine, but by neither an alpha 2- nor a beta-adrenergic antagonist, confirming that an alpha 1-adrenoceptor is involved in the regulation of phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis. Treatment with the Ca2+ chelator, EGTA, or with inorganic Ca2+ blockers, including Co2+, Mn2+, and La3+, reduced the norepinephrine-stimulated response, suggesting that the alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation of phospholipase C activity is Ca2+ dependent. However, phospholipase C activity was not increased by elevating intracellular Ca2+ with either the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 or with depolarizing concentrations of K+. These results indicate that although Ca2+ is necessary for alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation of phospholipase C activity, an increase in [Ca2+]i alone is not sufficient to stimulate the activity of this enzyme, and that effects which A23187 and depolarizing concentrations of K+ have on pineal function probably do not involve stimulation of phospholipase C activity.[1]


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