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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Atrial natriuretic peptide and atrial pressure in patients with congestive heart failure.

To define the relation between atrial pressures and the release of atrial natriuretic peptide, we measured plasma concentrations of the peptide in 26 patients with cardiac disease--11 with normal atrial pressures and 15 with elevated atrial pressures (11 of these 15 had elevated pressures in both atria). Mean peptide levels (+/- SEM) in the peripheral venous blood were increased in the 11 patients with cardiac disease and normal atrial pressures, as compared with 60 healthy controls (48 +/- 14 vs. 17 +/- 2 pmol per liter). In the patients with elevated atrial pressures, peptide concentrations were increased twofold in peripheral venous, right atrial, pulmonary arterial, and systemic arterial plasma, as compared with the concentrations in the patients with normal atrial pressures. A step-up in peptide concentration was seen between the venous and right atrial plasma (P less than 0.002) and between the pulmonary and systemic arterial plasma (P less than 0.01), suggesting release of the peptide from the atria. A linear relation was found between right atrial pressure and right atrial peptide concentration (r = 0.835, P less than 0.001) and between pulmonary wedge pressure and the systemic arterial peptide concentration (r = 0.866, P less than 0.001). Right atrial pressure and the peptide concentration both increased with exercise testing in the nine patients evaluated. We conclude that the release of atrial natriuretic peptide is at least partly regulated by right and left atrial pressures. Distinguishing the relative contributions of the two atria and defining the role of peptide release in the pathogenesis of heart failure will require further investigation.[1]


  1. Atrial natriuretic peptide and atrial pressure in patients with congestive heart failure. Raine, A.E., Erne, P., Bürgisser, E., Müller, F.B., Bolli, P., Burkart, F., Bühler, F.R. N. Engl. J. Med. (1986) [Pubmed]
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