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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An atypical insulin receptor with high affinity for insulin-like growth factors copurified with placental insulin receptors.

Insulin receptors purified from human placenta by sequential affinity chromatography on wheat germ lectin-agarose and insulin coupled to 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole-activated agarose (CDI-agarose) retained full binding activity but bound a greater than predicted amount of 125I-labeled insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). IGF-I and multiplication-stimulating activity ( MSA; the rat homologue of IGF-II) were equipotent in displacing either 125I-labeled IGF-I or 125I-labeled MSA from the purified receptors; insulin was 5-15 times more potent. Competitive binding studies indicated that this IGF binding activity could not be explained by cross-reaction with classical insulin receptors or by coelution of IGF-I or IGF-II receptors. Instead, it was due to a minor population of discrete atypical insulin receptors (6-18% total insulin receptors) with moderately high affinity (Kd = 2-4 X 10(-9) M) for IGF-I and MSA. These receptors were not an artifact of insulin-CDI-agarose chromatography, since they were present in wheat germ lectin-agarose-purified preparations and could also be purified from insulin-succinyldiaminodipropylamino-agarose. Affinity labeling with 125I-labeled MSA revealed that these atypical receptors had the same binding subunit (Mr 140,000) as classical insulin and IGF-I receptors. They displayed intermediate reactivity with polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to the insulin and IGF-I receptors. It is therefore likely that insulin receptors purified by immunoadsorption would also contain atypical insulin receptors. The finding of more than one type of insulin receptor might relate to the slight variations in the cDNA nucleotide sequences and the multiple mRNA species reported for the insulin receptor [Ebina, Y., Ellis, L., Jarnagin, K., Edery, M., Graf, L., Clauser, E., Ou, J.-H., Masiarz, F., Kan, Y. W., Goldfine, I. D., Roth, R. A. & Rutter, W. J. (1985) Cell 40, 747-758].[1]


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