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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Activating mutations of the c-Ha-ras protooncogene in chemically induced hepatomas of the male B6C3 F1 mouse.

Activated c-Ha-ras protooncogenes have recently been identified in the DNA of some spontaneous hepatic tumors found in 2-year-old B6C3 F1 mice. Activation of c-Ha-ras has now been demonstrated in DNA from well-differentiated hepatomas initiated by a single dose of carcinogen given to male B6C3 F1 mice at 12 days of age. DNA from each of 25 hepatomas, induced by N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene, vinyl carbamate, or 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydroestragole, containing transforming activity in the NIH 3T3 transfection assay. Southern analysis of NIH 3T3 cells transformed by DNA from 24 of these hepatomas revealed amplified and/or rear-ranged restriction fragments homologous to a Ha-ras probe. The other tumor contained an activated Ki-ras gene. Immunoprecipitation and NaDodSO4/PAGE analysis of p21 ras proteins in NIH 3T3 transformants derived from a majority of the hepatomas suggested that the activating mutations were localized in the 61st codon of the c-Ha-ras gene. Creation of a new Xba I restriction site by an AT----TA transversion at the second position of codon 61 was detected in DNA from primary tumors and NIH 3T3 cells transformed by DNA from 6 of 7 vinyl carbamate- and 5 of 10 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydroestragole-induced hepatomas. Selective oligonucleotide hybridization demonstrated a CG----AT transversion at the first position of the 61st codon in NIH 3T3 transformants derived from 7 of 7 N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene-induced hepatomas. By the same criterion, an AT----GC transition at the second position of codon 61 was the activating mutation in 1 of 7 vinyl carbamate- and 5 of 10 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydroestragole-induced tumors. Thus, c-Ha-ras activation is apparently an early event in B6C3 F1 mouse hepatocarcinogenesis that results directly from reaction of ultimate chemical carcinogens with this gene in vivo.[1]

References

  1. Activating mutations of the c-Ha-ras protooncogene in chemically induced hepatomas of the male B6C3 F1 mouse. Wiseman, R.W., Stowers, S.J., Miller, E.C., Anderson, M.W., Miller, J.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1986) [Pubmed]
 
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