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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mineralocorticoid-stimulated renal acidification: the critical role of dietary sodium.

Recent in vitro studies of isolated distal nephron segments have demonstrated that mineralocorticoid hormone stimulates H+ secretion by both Na+-dependent and Na+-independent mechanisms, and the Na+-independent acidification mechanism has a greater capacity. These in vitro data suggest that mineralocorticoid administration in vivo might increase renal acid excretion when an augmentation in distal Na+ reabsorption is precluded by rigid restriction of dietary Na+; under these circumstances, virtually all Na+ delivered to the distal nephron is reabsorbed in the basal state. In the present studies, prolonged (12 days) administration of DOC (15 mg/day) was undertaken in both Na+-fed and rigidly Na+-restricted dogs with chronic HCl acidosis. Na+-fed animals responded to DOC administration with a large increment in net acid excretion and complete correction of metabolic acidosis. Marked hypokalemia and significant kaliuresis also occurred. Na+-restricted dogs experienced no changes in renal acid excretion, systemic acid-base equilibrium, plasma [K+] or K+ balance. These results suggest that both renal H+ and K+ excretory responses to prolonged mineralocorticoid hormone administration in vivo are critically dependent on the availability for reabsorption of surplus Na+ within the distal nephron; this requirement is met when the diet, and hence the final urine, contains Na+ but cannot be satisfied when dietary Na+ is rigidly restricted.[1]


  1. Mineralocorticoid-stimulated renal acidification: the critical role of dietary sodium. Harrington, J.T., Hulter, H.N., Cohen, J.J., Madias, N.E. Kidney Int. (1986) [Pubmed]
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