The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5' Nucleotide sequences influence serum-modulated expression of a human dihydrofolate reductase minigene.

Human dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene sequences were isolated from DHFR gene-amplified breast cancer cell line MCF-7. These genomic sequences plus human DHFR cDNA sequences were used to construct a DHFR minigene. Calcium phosphate-mediated transfer of minigene DNA into DHFR gene-deleted Chinese hamster ovary cells converted these cells to a DHFR+ phenotype at a frequency of 0.12%. Minigene-transfected cells contained 20 to 30 minigene copies per cell and had DHFR enzyme levels similar to those of wild-type MCF-7 human cells (1.4 pmol/mg of protein). In contrast to gene-amplified MCF-7 cells, which contained multiple DHFR mRNA species (1.1, 1.6, 3.8, and 5.3 kilobases), only a single 3.8-kilobase DHFR mRNA was found in minigene-transfected cells. Previous studies on normal cells demonstrated modulation of DHFR levels by a variety of conditions which altered cell growth. When cell growth was induced in minigene-transfected cells by release from serum deprivation and DHFR levels were assayed at the time of maximum DNA synthesis, these levels were increased 2.4 to 3.7-fold. In contrast, the DHFR levels in cells transfected with a construct made from DHFR cDNA and viral promoter, intron, and termination sequences were unchanged. Minigene deletions were made and analyzed to determine the DHFR gene sequences responsible for regulation. Deletion of sequences upstream from 322 base pairs 5' to the start of transcription or 90 base pairs downstream from the termination of translation (which removed most of the 3' nontranslated region of the gene) did not alter the responsiveness of minigene-transfected cells to serum deprivation. However, when sequences between 322 and 113 base pairs 5' to the start of transcription were deleted, serum-dependent expression in minigene-transfected cells was affected.[1]


  1. 5' Nucleotide sequences influence serum-modulated expression of a human dihydrofolate reductase minigene. Goldsmith, M.E., Beckman, C.A., Cowan, K.H. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1986) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities