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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and expression of the Photobacterium phosphoreum luminescence system demonstrates a unique lux gene organization.

The organization of the lux structural genes (A-E) in Photobacterium phosphoreum has been determined and a new gene designated as luxF discovered. The P. phosphoreum luminescence system was cloned into Escherichia coli using a pBR322 vector and identified by cross-hybridization with Vibrio fischeri lux DNA. The lux genes were located by specific expression of P. phosphoreum DNA fragments in the T7-phage polymerase/promoter system in E. coli and identification of the labeled polypeptide products. The luxA and luxB gene products (luciferase subunits) were shown to catalyze light emission in the presence of FMNH2, O2, and aldehyde. The luxC, luxD, and luxE gene products (fatty acid reductase subunits) responsible for aldehyde biosynthesis could be specifically acylated with 3H-labeled fatty acids. The order of the lux genes in P. phosphoreum was found to be luxCDABFE with luxF coding for a new polypeptide of 26 kDa. The presence of a new gene in the P. phosphoreum luminescence system between luxB and luxE as compared to the organization of the lux structural gene in V. fischeri and Vibrio harveyi (luxCDABE) demonstrates that the luminescent systems in the marine bacteria have significantly diverged. The discovery of the luxF gene provides the basis for elucidating the role of its gene product in the expression of luminescence in different marine bacteria.[1]


  1. Cloning and expression of the Photobacterium phosphoreum luminescence system demonstrates a unique lux gene organization. Mancini, J.A., Boylan, M., Soly, R.R., Graham, A.F., Meighen, E.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
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