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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

31P NMR probes of sipunculan erythrocytes containing the O2-carrying protein hemerythrin.

Reported are the first examinations by 31P NMR of erythrocytes containing the non-heme iron O2-carrying protein hemerythrin (Hr). Intact coelomic erythrocytes from the sipunculids Phascolopsis gouldii and Themiste zostericola were shown by 31P NMR to contain O-phosphorylethanolamine and 2-aminoethylphosphonate as the major soluble phosphorus metabolites. This combination of major metabolites appears to be unique to sipunculan erythrocytes. Nucleoside triphosphates and mannose 1-phosphate were present in lower concentrations. The concentration of O-phosphorylethanolamine within P. gouldii erythrocytes was established to be greater than 20 mM. T. zostericola erythrocytes contained relatively high levels of 2-aminoethylphosphonate (on the order of 0.1 M) and lower levels of O-phosphorylethanolamine compared with those of P. gouldii. For P. gouldii and T. zostericola the intracellular pHs were determined to be 7.2 +/- 0.1 and 7.1 +/- 0.1, respectively, in air-equilibrated erythrocytes, and 6.5 +/- 0.1 in anaerobic P. gouldii erythrocytes. O-Phosphorylethanolamine was found to bind weakly to P. gouldii metHr (Kf approximately 7 M-1). This interaction is best characterized by either negative cooperativity or nonspecific binding. O-Phosphorylethanolamine strongly inhibits azide binding to the iron site of P. gouldii metHr at pH 7. 2. The rate of azide binding decreases by approximately 85-fold in the presence of 0.33 M O-phosphorylethanolamine. However, neither O-phosphorylethanolamine nor 2-aminoethylphosphonate at 0.33 M was found to have any significant effect on O2 affinity of P. gouldii deoxyHr. Alternative functions for the two metabolites are suggested.[1]


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